|Rainer Werner Fassbinder|
In the thirty-five years since Rainer Werner Fassbinder died, doubtless thousands of theses, articles, essays, scholarly analyses, documentaries and more have been spawned by his film making career of barely fifteen years. They have talked about his social philosophy, his gender politics, his repurposing of other directors (such as Sirk), his non-conformist life style, his experimental approach to filmmaking and so on. His work is of course all of these things – but rarely has he been accused of being straight-out entertaining. Delightful. Warm.
But these are the first words I want to use in responding to Eight Hours Don’t Make a Day: A Family Series. Fassbinder made this five-part series for German television, and it was transmitted between October 1972 and March 1973. With each part being about 95 minutes long, it’s the equivalent of five separate feature films, one a month. It is also arguably one of the very first examples of a cinema director making what we now call long-form television.
|Marion (Hanna Schygulla), Jochen (Gottfried John)|
One of the delights of Eight Hours is that you don’t feel you’re watching good performances. You’re spending time with interesting people. You’ll have a scene that’s dramatically is structured as an exchange between two people. But often it’s filmed with one or two other people not only in the scene, but in frame. And they are part of the scene, their listening is really listening, and you can sense that what they’re hearing sparking some response from them.
|'Grandma's birthday party'|
I’ll come back to Grandma.
The wedding of Jochen and Marion gives us the other great party at the end of Episode 4. While you mingle with the guests, going along with the camera from room to room, overhearing one conversation, talking with someone else, passing a couple doing nothing, it’s like any party where nothing really happens. And yet it does. You stop and realise that several difficult relationships have actually been worked out. It’s not just some new relationships that have found a way to go forward, but one that should have finished long ago is finally accepted as dead by the last denialist and now you can sense the relief as Käthe finds the strength to stand up to Harald.
And, so back to Grandma.
She is played by ‘veteran actress’ Luise Ullrich. Her career stretched back to the early 1930s and included Max Ophuls Liebelei (1933) which is glimpsed playing in one scene – that’s another Fassbinder touch. Of course, she has a significant place in this family’s structure, but it’s more than that. She’s vibrant, endearing, maddening, self-absorbed but thinking only of everyone but herself, controlling but in a way that makes people do what they really wanted to do. The word No doesn’t exist for her, whether it’s coming from one of her children, or a local government official nonplussed by her approach to ‘citizen power.’
This is a Fassbinder production, and so we recognise a lot of the people which adds to our sense of feeling at home with them from the start. Hanna Schygulla and Irm Hermann are here as best friends. In small roles, we glimpse Brigitte Mira and El Hedi ben Salem who a few years later (1974) would be the stars of Ali Fear Eats the Soul. And lots more of his regulars crop up in major and minor parts, not always playing roles we’d expect. Gottfried John for example is usually a Fassbinder heavy, but here he’s our main male lead, the romantic lead if you want.
It’s also genuine Fassbinder in being a lot more than just an entertainment. The socio-political elements are just as intrinsic. It’s not specifically a pro-Union film, but there is a very strong pro-worker theme throughout. A major narrative element can be seen as promoting the important of worker co-operation and unity. Jochen and his colleagues make real industrial advances when they work together to take control of their working conditions from their rather faceless industrial business and its ‘coal-face’ workplace controllers.
|Arrow Academy Blu-ray cover|
But even if it could have been longer, there is absolutely no sense of this being incomplete like a statue with an arm lopped off. Just, it would have been great if it could have gone on for those three extra episodes.
And then into series 2. (Well, I can dream!)
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